Sunday, 9 July 2017


We all know about ships but have we ever wondered what it's origin is??.

A brief history of ships and boats.

Prehistory and ancient times

~10,000BCE: First boats include rafts, skin, hide and bark boats, kayaks, and dugouts.

~5000BCE–3000BCE: Mesopotamian sailors invent sails.

~3000BCE: Ancient Egyptians make the first boats from wooden planks.

~2500BCE: Minoans and Mycenaeans become the first great ocean navigators, exploring the Mediterranean sea.

~1500BCE–27BCE: Greeks build giant warships, including biremes and triremes.

27BCE–400CE: Romans build galleys, the ancient ancestors of modern warships, with innovations including a raised bridge.

~300BCE: Archimedes (287–212BCE) figures out the science of floatation.

200CE: Lateen sails are being widely used in the Mediterranean (though they are believed to have been invented somewhat earlier in the Arab world).

Middle Ages

300: Vikings invent clinker building.

1200: The central rudder starts to replace the "steerboard."

1400–1600: Most large ships are wooden-built and sail powered, and include cogs, carracks, galleys, and galleons.

1620: Cornelis Drebble builds the first submarine from wood.

15th century: Great voyages by Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), Vasco da Gama (1460–1524), Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521), and others pioneer ocean exploration and circumnavigation.
The great age of shipping
USS Constitution pictured in port in October 2010 with celebratory bunting on her masts during her 213th anniversary.
Photo: The USS Constitution, nicknamed "Old Ironsides," is a classic, three-masted frigate (warship) dating from 1797. Long since retired from military duty, it's now a fascinating museum in Boston. Photo by Kathryn E. Macdonald courtesy of US Navy.

1777: First iron-hulled boat is built (in England).
1783: Marquis d'Abbans (1751–1832) builds the first steamboat.

19th century: Regular "packet shipping" services are established, sailing to timetables. Fast clipper ships set sailing records.

1807: Robert Fulton (1765–1815) sets a record for traveling from New York City to Albany with a steamboat called Clermont.

1819: Steamboat SS Savannah crosses the Atlantic in a record 29 days.

1836: Modern propellers are invented (independently) by Francis Pettit Smith (1808–1874) and John Ericsson (1803–1889).

1837: Great Western, a giant steam-powered ship called built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806–1859) becomes the first iron boat to cross the Atlantic.

1850s: English shipbuilder John Jordan makes probably the first composite ship by adding wooden-plank cladding over an iron framework.

1870-1898: John Holland designs and builds the first practical, engine-powered submarine, but struggles to convince the US Navy of its potential.

1877: English inventor John Thornycroft patents an early form of the hovercraft based on a floating lily pad.

1884: Sir Charles Parsons invents a highly efficient steam engine called the steam turbine. In 1897, he develops a steam-turbine-powered motor launch called Turbinia.

1886: German auto pioneer Gottlieb Daimler uses a gasoline engine to power a boat.

1886: Gluckauf, one of the first ocean-going tankers, is built and launched in Britain.

1880: Retired Swedish naval officer Charles G. Lundborg invents SWATH (small waterplane area twin hull) boats that ride high above the waves on two submerged hulls.

Modern ships

~1900s: Wealthy people enjoy the romantic, luxurious age of ocean travel onboard liners such as the Mauretania, Lusitania, and Aquitania.

1906: Enrico Forlanini invents the hydrofoil. Telephone pioneer Alexander Graham Bell also plays a part in its development.

1912: A "practically unsinkable" luxury liner called Titanic secures a place in history as the most famous ocean catastrophe of all time when it hits an iceberg and sinks, killing over 1500 people.

1930s: Germans develop the snorkel, a breathing tube that allows diesel engines in submarines to operate underwater, reducing the risk of detection.

1943: Marine gas turbine engines are used for the first time.

1955: US Navy launches first nuclear-powered submarine, US

1956: Ideal X, the first container ship, is launched from Newark, NJ.

1959: Christopher Cockerell's hovercraft makes its maiden voyage.

1960: Jacques Piccard and Lt. Don Walsh of the US Navy dive to around 11km (6 miles) in the deepest part of the oceans, the Mariana Trench, in Trieste, a super-reinforced diving vessel (bathyscaphe).

1962: Scripps Institution's FLIP ship is first used to study the movement of ocean waves.

1964: A deep-diving scientific submersible called Alvin is developed by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts and begins exploring the ocean to depths of almost 5km (3 miles).

1978: Scientific exploration vessel JOIDES Resolution is launched, allowing scientists to explore the seabed in more detail than ever before.

1992: US Navy scraps the last of its giant battleships, USS Missouri.

1993: US Navy launches an experimental, radar-invisible stealth boat called the Sea Shadow, based on a SWATH design. In 2011, the Navy announces it intends to scrap the vessel.

2012: The German-built MS Tûranor PlanetSolar becomes the first vehicle powered by photovoltaic solar cells to circumnavigate the world.



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